So where are they now? It is estimated that around 5000 Pericúes thrived in the area, when the Spaniards first arrived in 1530s. However, like so many other indigenous communities in the Americas, they did not fair at all well once colonisation began. The devastating effect of European diseases, such as measles, smallpox, and syphilis – for which they had no immunity, took a massive toll on the population. The Pericúes were also noted for their rebellious spirit, rising up against the Spaniards several times. Unfortunately they were never successful, and these rebellions ended with punishing reprisals from the Spaniards, further decimating their population. By 1767, the year the Jesuits were expelled from Baja, the Pericúes had reached the point of cultural and linguistic extinction. They left an air of mystery, many unanswered questions, as well as a deep feeling of lost for the cultural heritage of Baja California Sur, as we walk in their footstep, in their ocean and desert home.